References for the Endangered Animals' Articles

Endangered Animals Article

1. 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1). In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/categories_criteria2001#categories

2. Ibid.

3. Ibid.

4. Baillie, J. E. M., Hilton-Taylor, C., & Stuart, S. N. (Eds.) (2004). A Global Species Assessment. The IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN – The World Conservation Union. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from http://www.iucn.org/bookstore/HTML-books/Red%20List%202004/completed/Executive%20Summary.html

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid.

7. Thylacine. (2008). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9071362

8. Ibid.

9. Owen, D. (2003). Thylacine: The Tragic Tale of the Tasmanian Tiger. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, p. 14. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

10. Ibid., p. ix

11. Ibid.

12. Bowden, T. (2001). The Last Tasmanian Tiger: The History and Extinction of the Thylacine. 174. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

13. Owen, D. (2003). Thylacine: The Tragic Tale of the Tasmanian Tiger. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, p. 26. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

14. Dietz, J. M. (2000). Golden Lion Tamarin. In Endangered Animals: A Reference Guide to Conflicting Issues, Reading, R. P. & Miller, B. (Eds.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, p. 119. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

15. Ibid.

16. Ibid., p. 121

17. Ibid.

18. Ibid.

19. Ibid.

20. Ibid., pp. 121 – 123

21. Ibid., p. 121

22. Ibid., p. 123

23. Rylands, A.B., Bampi, M.I., Chiarello, A.G., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Mendes, S.L. & Marcelino, M. (2003). Leontopithecus rosalia. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved January 3, 2008 from www.iucnredlist.org

Animal Extinction and Endangerment Article

1. Reading, R. P. & Miller, B. (Eds.). (2000). Endangered Animals: A Reference Guide to Conflicting Issues, p. xvi. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

2. Ibid., p. xiv

3. Ibid., p. xv

4. Murray, L. (August, 2001). A Beastly Business. Geographical, Vol. 73. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

5. Tuxill, J. (September/October, 1997). The Global Decline of Primates. World Watch, Vol. 10. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

6. Sunquist, F. A. (March/April, 2000). New Look at Cats. International Wildlife. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

7. Tuxill, J. (September/October, 1997). The Global Decline of Primates. World Watch, Vol. 10. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

8. Murray, L. (August, 2001). A Beastly Business. Geographical, Vol. 73. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

9. Tiger. (2008, January 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tiger&oldid=182379500

10. Tuxill, J. (September/October, 1997). The Global Decline of Primates. World Watch, Vol. 10. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from Questia.com

11. The Jane Goodall Institute. About Chimpanzees. Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from http://www.janegoodall.org/chimp_central/chimpanzees/default.asp

12. Galapagos Conservancy. (2006). Making Strides to Restore the Galapagos Tortoise Dynasty. Retrieved January 6, 2008 from http://www.galapagos.org/conservation/tortoisedynasty.html

Endangered Gorillas Article

1. Taken from: Tuxill, J. (September/October, 1997). The Global Decline of Primates. World Watch, Vol. 10. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

2. ARMY OF THE APEMEN; This Week's Most Macabre Question? Did Stalin Try to Crossbreed Humans with Gorillas and Create a Race of Super-Soldiers. (December 22, 2005). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

3. Gorilla. (January 15, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gorilla&oldid=184426061

4. Classification taken from: Gorilla. (January 15, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gorilla&oldid=184426061

5. Walsh, P.D., Tutin, C.E.G., Oates, J.F., Baillie, J.E.M., Maisels, F., Stokes, E.J., Gatti, S., Bergl, R.A., Sunderland-Groves, J. & Dunn. A. (2007). Gorilla gorilla. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 16, 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/9404/all

6. Ibid.

7. Ibid.

8. Cranfield, M., Gaffikin, L., Sleeman, J., & Rooney, M. (2002). 22 The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine. In Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice, Aguirre, A. A., Ostfeld, R. S., Tabor, G. M., House, C., & Pearl, M. C. (Eds.), p. 282. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com

9. Butynski, T. & members of the Primate Specialist Group 2000. Gorilla beringei ssp. graueri. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 18, 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/39995/all

10. Walsh, P.D., Tutin, C.E.G., Oates, J.F., Baillie, J.E.M., Maisels, F., Stokes, E.J., Gatti, S., Bergl, R.A., Sunderland-Groves, J. & Dunn. A. (2007). Gorilla gorilla. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 18, 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/9404/all

11. Ibid.

12. Keesling, R. (October, 2002). Saving the Mountain Gorillas. World and I, Vol. 17. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

13. Butynski, T. & members of the Primate Specialist Group 2000. Gorilla beringei ssp. beringei. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 18, 2008 from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/39999/all

14. Snell, M. B. (November/December, 2001). Gorillas in the Crossfire. Sierra, Vol. 86. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

15. Delinquent and Dangerous - a Group of Wild Gorillas Are Part of a Remarkable New Rehabilitation Experiment in Which They Are Sent for a Fresh Start in Life on an Alcatraz-Style Island ASBO GORILLAS. (March 19, 2007). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019918553

16. ARMY OF THE APEMEN; This Week's Most Macabre Question? Did Stalin Try to Crossbreed Humans with Gorillas and Create a Race of Super-Soldiers. (December 22, 2005). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

17. Walsh, P.D., Tutin, C.E.G., Oates, J.F., Baillie, J.E.M., Maisels, F., Stokes, E.J., Gatti, S., Bergl, R.A., Sunderland-Groves, J. & Dunn. A. (2007). Gorilla gorilla. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 18, 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/9404/all

18. The Great Ape Project. Retrieved January 18, 2008 from http://www.greatapeproject.org/

Mountain Gorillas Article

1. Cranfield, M., Gaffikin, L., Sleeman, J., & Rooney, M. (2002). 22 The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine. In Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice, Aguirre, A. A., Ostfeld, R. S., Tabor, G. M., House, C., & Pearl, M. C. (Eds.), p. 282. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com

2. Ibid.

3. Butynski, T. & members of the Primate Specialist Group 2000. Gorilla beringei (Bwindi-Impenetrable Forest subpopulation). In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 20 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/40000/all

4. Butynski, T. & members of the Primate Specialist Group 2000. Gorilla beringei ssp. beringei. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 20 2008 http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/39999/all

5. Butynski, T. & members of the Primate Specialist Group 2000. Gorilla beringei (Bwindi-Impenetrable Forest subpopulation). In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on January 20 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/40000/all

6. Keesling, R. (October, 2002). Saving the Mountain Gorillas. World and I, Vol. 17. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

7. BBC News | Science / Nature, (August 17, 2007). Missing DR Congo gorillas 'dead'. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6951204.stm

8. Keesling, R. (October, 2002). Saving the Mountain Gorillas. World and I, Vol. 17. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

9. Frank, A. K. (August/September, 2002). CAUGHT IN THE CROSSFIRE - Warfare Is Only One of Many Threats Driving the World's Great Apes toward Extinction. National Wildlife. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

10. Ibid.

11. Cranfield, M., Gaffikin, L., Sleeman, J., & Rooney, M. (2002). 22 The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine. In Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice, Aguirre, A. A., Ostfeld, R. S., Tabor, G. M., House, C., & Pearl, M. C. (Eds.), p. 282. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com

12. Snell, M. B. (November/December, 2001). Gorillas in the Crossfire. Sierra, Vol. 86. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

13. CNN.com (December 14, 2007). Anderson Cooper: Gorillas in midst of murder. Retrieved on January 25, 2008 from http://edition.cnn.com/2007/US/12/14/cooper.gorillas/index.html

14. Cranfield, M., Gaffikin, L., Sleeman, J., & Rooney, M. (2002). 22 The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine. In Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice, Aguirre, A. A., Ostfeld, R. S., Tabor, G. M., House, C., & Pearl, M. C. (Eds.), p. 284. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com

15. Ibid.

16. Thanksgiving Coffee Company Store. Gorilla Fund Coffee. Retrieved on January 25, 2008 from http://store.thanksgivingcoffee.com/product_info?products_id=33

Gorilla Conservation Article

1. Vedder, A. L., & Weber, W. (2000). Gorilla. In Endangered Animals: A Reference Guide to Conflicting Issues, Reading, R. P. & Miller, B. (Eds.), p. 133 . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com

2. Cranfield, M., Gaffikin, L., Sleeman, J., & Rooney, M. (2002). 22 The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine. In Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice, Aguirre, A. A., Ostfeld, R. S., Tabor, G. M., House, C., & Pearl, M. C. (Eds.), p. 282. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com

3. Adapted from:

Cranfield, M., Gaffikin, L., Sleeman, J., & Rooney, M. (2002). 22 The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine. In Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice, Aguirre, A. A., Ostfeld, R. S., Tabor, G. M., House, C., & Pearl, M. C. (Eds.), pp. 284 – 285. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia.com, and

Vedder, A. L., & Weber, W. (2000). Gorilla. In Endangered Animals: A Reference Guide to Conflicting Issues, Reading, R. P. & Miller, B. (Eds.), pp. 133 – 134 . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

4. Vedder, A. L., & Weber, W. (2000). Gorilla. In Endangered Animals: A Reference Guide to Conflicting Issues, Reading, R. P. & Miller, B. (Eds.), p. 134 . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

5. Adapted from:

Wildlife Conservation Society. (2008). Western Lowland Gorilla. Retrieved on January 23, 2008 from http://www.wcs.org/international/Africa/gorilla/westernlowlandgorilla

6. Baby Gorilla That Owes Its Life to Fertility Treatment. (December 22, 2006). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

Koko the Gorilla Article

1. My Friend KOKO; Artist Richard Stone Has Created Acclaimed Portraits of the Queen, the Queen Mother and Nancy Reagan, but Nothing Could Prepare Him for His Latest Subject: A 22-Stone Gorilla. (March 25, 2007). The Mail on Sunday (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia .com

2. My Friend KOKO; Artist Richard Stone Has Created Acclaimed Portraits of the Queen, the Queen Mother and Nancy Reagan, but Nothing Could Prepare Him for His Latest Subject: A 22-Stone Gorilla. (March 25, 2007). The Mail on Sunday (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008, from Questia .com

3. Mirror test. (January 10, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mirror_test&oldid=183461652

4. Gorilla with a Stick Takes a Walk on the Safe Side; First Evidence That Our Greatest Ape Uses Tools to Overcome Problems. (September 30, 2005). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

5. Gorilla with a Stick Takes a Walk on the Safe Side; First Evidence That Our Greatest Ape Uses Tools to Overcome Problems. (September 30, 2005). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

6. Salt, J. (December, 2000). Gorilla Tactics. Geographical, Vol. 72. Retrieved January 25, 2008 from Questia.com

Orangutan Article

1. Taken from:

        Goodman, A. H., Heath, D., & Lindee, M. S. (Eds.). (2003). Genetic Nature/Culture:  Anthropology and Science beyond the Two-Culture Divide. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, p. 148. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia. com 

2. Taken from:

        Preece, R. (1999). Animals and Nature: Cultural Myths, Cultural Realities. Vancouver, B.C.: University of British Columbia Press, p. 149. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

3. Taken from:

        Silverberg, R. (1964). Man before Adam: The Story of Man in Search of His Origins. Philadelphia: Macrae Smith, p. 51. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

4. Orangutan (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2009 from Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9057273

5. An Appeal for the Apes Orangutans Are Dying by the Thousands as Habitat Is Destroyed. (October 19, 2007). Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL). Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

6. Orangutan (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2009 from Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9057273

7. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

8. Ibid. 

9. Orangutan (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2009 from Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9057273

10. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643 

11. Ibid.

12. Ibid.

13. Ibid. 

14. Eckert, F. J. (September 7, 1997). Malaysia's Magical 'Wild East' Adventures: Exotic Sabah Lies off the Tourist Track. The Washington Times. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

15. Ibid. 

16. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon 

17. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

18. Honolulu Zoo (2008). Orangutan. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://www.honoluluzoo.org/orangutan.htm

19. Ibid.

20. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon

21. Honolulu Zoo (2008). Orangutan. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://www.honoluluzoo.org/orangutan.htm

22. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon

23. Ibid.

24. Ibid.

25. Ibid.

26. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

27. Orangutan (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 5,  2009 from Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9057273

28. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon

29. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

30. Honolulu Zoo (2008). Orangutan. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://www.honoluluzoo.org/orangutan.htm

31. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon

32. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

33. Main references for this section are: 

        Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon

        Honolulu Zoo (2008). Orangutan. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://www.honoluluzoo.org/orangutan.htm

        Orangutan Outreach (2009). About Orangutans. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://redapes.org/orangutans/

34. Main references for this section are:

        Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Behavior. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/behav

        Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/taxon

        Orangutan (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2009 from Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9057273

        Honolulu Zoo (2008). Orangutan. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://www.honoluluzoo.org/orangutan.htm

35. Ancrenaz, M., Marshall, A., Goossens, B., van Schaik, C., Sugardjito, J., Gumal, M. & Wich, S. 2008. Pongo pygmaeus. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved December 14, 2008 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/17975.

36. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

37. Main references for this section are:

        Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Behavior. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/behav

        Orangutan (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2009 from Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9057273

38. Orangutan. (January 5, 2009). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orangutan&oldid=262102643

39. Ibid.

40. Eckert, F. J. (September 7, 1997). Malaysia's Magical 'Wild East' Adventures: Exotic Sabah Lies off the Tourist Track. The Washington Times. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com 

41. Julia of the Jungle; JULIA ROBERTS Has Portrayed Many Tender Stories on the Silver Screen. but, She Reveals Her Deepest Passions Were Stirred When She Travelled to the Steamy Forests of Borneo to Meet a Giant Orang-Utan, Who Held Her in His Huge Hands - but Was Too Gentle to Hurt Her. (October 15, 2005). The Daily Mail (London, England). Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

42. Kolber, A. (2001). Standing Upright: The Moral and Legal Standing of Humans and Other Apes. Stanford Law Review, Vol. 54. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

43. Byrne, R. R. (1995). The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 114. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

44. Ibid, p. 183

45. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Behavior. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/behav

46. Ibid.

47. Chantek. (December 7, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chantek&oldid=256372464

48. Kolber, A. (2001). Standing Upright: The Moral and Legal Standing of Humans and Other Apes. Stanford Law Review, Vol. 54. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

49. McDowell, R. (2009). Palm oil frenzy threatens to wipe out orangutans. Associated Press via Yahoo! News.  Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090118/ap_on_re_as/as_orangutan_s_last_stand 

50. An Appeal for the Apes Orangutans Are Dying by the Thousands as Habitat Is Destroyed. (October 19, 2007). Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL). Retrieved February 17, 2009 from Questia.com 

51. Ancrenaz, M., Marshall, A., Goossens, B., van Schaik, C., Sugardjito, J., Gumal, M. & Wich, S. 2008. Pongo pygmaeus. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/

52. Ibid.

53. Singleton, I., Wich, S.A. & Griffiths, M. 2008. Pongo abelii. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/

54. Mckee, J. K. (2003). Sparing Nature: The Conflict between Human Population Growth and Earth's Biodiversity, pp. 115 – 116. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Retrieved February 17, 2009 from Questia.com

55. Augustyn, H. (July/August, 2007). A Burning Issue: Palm Oil Shows Promise as a Biofuel, but the Environmental Cost of Production Can Be High. World Watch, Vol. 20. Retrieved February 17, 2009 from Questia.com  

56. Ibid.

57. Ibid.

58. Wallis, D. (February 7, 2007). Illegal Logging Hits Asian Forests, Orangutans – UN. Reuters via Planet Ark. Retrieved February 17, 2009 from http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/40222/story.htm

59. Tuxill, J. (September/October, 1997). The Global Decline of Primates. World Watch, Vol. 10. Retrieved February 17, 2009 from Questia.com

60. Mckee, J. K. (2003). Sparing Nature: The Conflict between Human Population Growth and Earth's Biodiversity, p. 121. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Retrieved February 17, 2009 from Questia.com

61. Ibid., pp. 129 – 130

Orangutans' Intelligence Article

1. Byrne, R. R. (1995). The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 73, 76, 78. Retrieved February 3, 2009 from Questia.com

2. Ibid, p. 76 

3. Ibid.

4. Ibid, p. 78

5. Ibid,  part 3, chapter 7

6. Ibid, p. 98

7. Ibid, p. 142

8. Ibid.

9. Ibid,  p. 114

10. Cawthon Lang KA. (June 13, 2005). Primate Factsheets: Orangutan (Pongo) Behavior. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/orangutan/behav

11. Ibid.

12. Ibid. 

13. Ibid.

14. Byrne, R. R. (1995). The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 180. Retrieved February 3, 2009 from Questia.com

15. Ibid,  p. 183

16. H. Lyn White Miles (1993). Language and the Orang-utan: The Old 'Person' of the Forest. In P. Cavalieri & P. Singer (eds.), The Great Ape Project. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, pp. 42-57. Retrieved February 4, 2009 from http://www.animal-rights-library.com/texts-m/whitemiles01.htm

17. Ibid.

18. Byrne, R. R. (1995). The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 150. Retrieved February 3, 2009 from Questia.com

19. Ibid.

20. Chantek. (December 7, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chantek&oldid=256372464

21. Kolber, A. (2001). Standing Upright: The Moral and Legal Standing of Humans and Other Apes. Stanford Law Review, Vol. 54. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from Questia.com

Wildlife Organizations Article

1. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (2007). IUCN - The World Conservation Union - About IUCN. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.iucn.org/en/about/

2. Ibid.

3. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (2006). IUCN SSC - Species Survival Commission homepage. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/index.htm

4. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (2006). IUCN SSC Specialist Groups. Retrieved February 2, 2008 http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/sgs.htm

5. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (2006). IUCN SSC - Species Survival Commission - What We Do . Retrieved February 2, 2008 http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/our_work/our_work.htm

6. World Wide Fund for Nature. (January 31, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 3, 2008 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=World_Wide_Fund_for_Nature&oldid=188156368

7. World Wide Fund for Nature (November 13, 2005). WWF - Our Solutions to species loss ... Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/species/our_solutions/index.cfm

8. The Jane Goodall Institute. Our History and Mission. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.janegoodall.org/about-jgi/default.asp

9. The Jane Goodall Institute. Africa Programs. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.janegoodall.org/africa-programs/index.asp

10. The Wildlife Conservation Society (2008). Saving Wildlife Home. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.wcs.org/sw-home

11. The Wildlife Conservation Society (2008). About The Wildlife Conservation Society. Retrieved February 2, 2008 from http://www.wcs.org/sw-our_mission/sw_aboutwcs?preview=&psid=&ph=class%3DAWC-4877272


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